'''Martin Buber''' (, , ; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish people|Jewish philosopher
best known for his philosophy of dialogue
, a form of existentialism
centered on the distinction between the I and Thou|I–Thou
relationship and the I–It relationship.
Born in Vienna
, Buber came from a family of observant Jews, but broke with Jewish custom to pursue secular studies in philosophy
. In 1902, he became the editor of the weekly ''Die Welt (Herzl)|Die Welt
'', the central organ of the Zionist
movement, although he later withdrew from organizational work in Zionism. In 1923, Buber wrote his famous essay on existence, ''I and Thou|Ich und Du
'' (later translated into English as ''I and Thou''), and in 1925, he began translating the Hebrew Bible
into the German language
In 1930, Buber became an honorary professor at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe...